Category: Xsession profile

This page will teach you how to design your own personalized X graphical desktop sessions by editing shell scripts.

Virtual Terminal (TTY) and X Session - Linux

These session managers allow you to specify which additional programs will be loaded at the beginning of your session by providing a graphical interface. Furthermore, being able to create X session scripts allows you to run a graphical desktop even if the graphical login manager, GDM, is broken or not installed. In the case of the example shown above, the bash Bourne Again Shell has been specified as the shell.

The second line specifies the application that drives the X session. This is sometimes called the "magic process", as the X session will end when this application stops running.

The "magic process" in the case of the above example is "gnome-session", which will launch the GNOME desktop environment.

How to create a X session script You do not have to have root privileges to create your own X session script. Open a terminal by opening the Applications menu, select Accessoriesand then click Terminal. Any changes you make will be saved to the file. Note: In Linux, all files that begin with a period are treated by the system as hidden files.

Specify the shell on the first line:! Not having commands run in the background will lead to your X session script getting stuck on the first command listed in the file, so that all you see is an empty desktop. Also, any line that begins with a will be treated by the shell as a comment and ignored.


Use this to your advantage by placing notes in your script or disabling commands that you do not currently wish to run. When you are satisfied, save your file and close the text editor. Now make your X session script executable.

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To do so, save all documents you might have open, and close all applications. Once you have logged in, you have to temporarily disable your graphical login. To test it, enter the following command: startx If you have not mispelled the names of any commands, then you should have a graphical desktop.From Wikipedia :.

While you can also use xinit to run GUI applications without a window manager, many graphical applications expect an EWMH compliant window manager. Display managers start Xorg for you and generally source xprofile. Install the xorg-xinit package. If it is present in a user's home directory, startx and xinit execute it. This default xinitrc will start a basic environment with Twmxorg-xclock and Xterm assuming that the necessary packages are installed.

Therefore, to start a different window manager or desktop environment, first create a copy of the default xinitrc in your home directory:.

Then edit the file and replace the default programs with desired commands. Remember that lines following a command using exec would be ignored. For example, to start xscreensaver in the background and then start openboxuse the following:.

Otherwise, the script would halt and wait for each program to exit before executing the window manager or desktop environment. Note that some programs should instead not be forked, to avoid race bugs, as is the case of xrdb.

Prepending exec will replace the script process with the window manager process, so that X does not exit even if this process forks to the background. The xserverrc file is a shell script responsible for starting up the X server.

In order to maintain an authenticated session with logind and to prevent bypassing the screen locker by switching terminals, Xorg has to be started on the same virtual terminal where the login occurred [1]. See Xserver 1 for a list of all command line options.

xsession profile

To quit X, run your window manager's exit function assuming it has one. If it lacks such functionality, run:. See also signal 7. If the binary takes arguments, they need to be quoted to be recognized as part of the first parameter of startx :. Note that the full path is required. You can also specify custom options for the xserverrc script by appending them after the double dash -- sign:.

See also startx 1. This article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.

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See Help:Style for reference. You can replace the -eq comparison with one like -le 3 for vt1 to vt3 if you want to use graphical logins on more than one virtual terminal.

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The following example shows how to start a particular desktop environment or window manager with an argument:. It is possible to start only specific applications without a window manager, although most likely this is only useful with a single application shown in full-screen mode. For example:.

Alternatively the binary can be called directly from the command prompt as described in Override xinitrc. With this method you need to set each application's window geometry through its own configuration files if possible at all.

See also Display manager Starting applications without a window manager. See Xorg Broken redirection for details. Related articles Display manager Xorg xprofile Xresources. Note: Xinit has its own default behaviour instead of executing the file. See xinit 1 for details.

Tip: -nolisten local can be added after -nolisten tcp to disable abstract sockets of X11 to help with isolation. There is a quick background on how this potentially affects X11 security.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here.

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Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Applications which I would like to start after my user has logged - I place them in user systemd units or in.

And even then some of them doesn't work. I've heard about above configuration files, but I'm lost which one when is executed. Lets assume given sequence: Lightdm through Lightdm-greeter starts i3 session. Where should I place start of my applications?

In addition to configuration, it is also responsible for starting the root X program usually a window manager such as Gnome, KDE, i3, etc. This usually applies when X is started manually by the user with starx or similar.

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However, with modern DMs the user can usually choose a window manager to start, and the DM may or may not run the. It is similar to your. Learn more. Asked 3 years, 3 months ago. Active 2 years, 1 month ago. Viewed 4k times. T4ng10r T4ng10r 7 7 silver badges 15 15 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. Thayne Thayne 5, 1 1 gold badge 27 27 silver badges 49 49 bronze badges. The Overflow Blog. Featured on Meta. Community and Moderator guidelines for escalating issues via new response….

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Question Close Updates: Phase 1. Related Hot Network Questions. Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled.Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles. Your Chrome profile stores your browser settings, bookmarks, extensions, apps, and saved passwords. Your profile is stored in a separate folder on your computer, so if anything goes wrong with Chrome, your information is saved.

The locations are:. The default profile folder is simply named Default or default in Linux. The name you assigned to the profile when you created it displays on a name button on the right side of the title bar on the Chrome window. If you need to edit one of your other profiles, you can figure out its folder name quite simply. Each time you switch profiles, a new Chrome window opens using that profile. You can select the path and copy it and paste it into File Explorer in Windows, the Finder on OS X, or into a file manager like Nautilus in Linux to access that folder.

To back up your profile scopy the Default profile folder and any numbered Profile folders in the UserData folder on Windows, the Chrome folder on Mac OS X El Capitan, or the google-chrome folder in Linux to an external hard drive or a cloud service.

You can completely reset Google Chrome by deleting or renaming or moving the data User Data, Chrome, or google-chrome folder. The next time you start Chrome, a new data folder will be created with a fresh default profile. If you really want to get your hands dirty, you can set up multiple profiles with different browser settings, bookmarks, extensions, apps, and saved passwords.

This is useful if you want to test things like extensions, or troubleshoot problems in Chrome without messing up your main profile. The Best Tech Newsletter Anywhere. Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, comics, trivia, reviews, and more.

Windows Mac iPhone Android. Smarthome Office Security Linux. The Best Tech Newsletter Anywhere Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles. Skip to content. How-To Geek is where you turn when you want experts to explain technology. Since we launched inour articles have been read more than 1 billion times. Want to know more?We could then easily identify long running queries, monitor T-SQL statements, identify slow running queries, analyze the SQL workload, etc.

Microsoft planned for the depreciation of SQL Profiler to be replaced with Extended Events which provides a customizable definitions, views and events. Once a session is configured based one of the templates, we can find the predefined session templates by expanding the Management node to check all Sessions under the Extended Events node as shown below:.

Definitions of both sessions are deployed as regular XEvent session templates. It contains generic Extended Events, so it can be a starting point.

xsession profile

It captures all stored procedures and Transact-SQL batches that are being executed. We can use it to monitor general database server activity. It is very lightweight XEvent session. Just right click on the session and select New Session Wizard. For example, if I click on the QuickSessionStandard session, it quickly opens up the live data window. This live data window displays all logged T-SQL statements currently running as per the standard session definition, with a detailed view of each selected event as shown below.

xsession profile

By default a live data window shows the columns predefined, however, it is important to customize the view as per your requirements. It doesn't show all columns by default. We can also create Merged columns by combining up to 5 columns. To do so, select New from the Merged columns section on the right. We have to define a merged column name and select the columns from the drop-down that we want to use in the merged column.

The live data wizard also provides options to Filter the results. Right click on a column and select Filter by this Value. In this window, we can select a Filter based on the time range along with other filter values. Select the field from the drop-down and enter the search criteria. To bookmark a row, right click on the row and select Toggle Bookmark and it places a symbol on the row. If we have multiple bookmarked rows, we can easily move to the previous and next rows by selecting the Previous Bookmark, Next Bookmark.

Also, if we want to clear the bookmarked rows, click on Clear All Bookmarks. Explore this in your environment to make benefit out of it.This should be a short post. The trick has been around for some time now. We never got the time to explain how you could automatically have the.

So, Today, we will see how you can do this and what are the benefits of such procedure. If you follow and read our blog on a regular base, you know that we have a lot of information about how to configure and install the XRDP Package on a ubuntu machine.

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If you check our last post about xrdp and Ubuntu This file is used by the XRDP server in order to know which desktop interface needs to be loaded when a user perform a remote desktop connection. If you have only one user that needs to access the Ubuntu machine remotely, you will need to perform this operation only once the creation of the. This is not really practical and you would loose a lot of time creating these user profiles. Hopefully, there is a way to automate the process.

This tip can be used if you have one or multiple users that needs to access to your system remotely via XRDP solution. The trick is quite simple. We will simply modify one of these script in order to have the. Type in the password. If everything goes well, you will see the content of the startwm. In our example, we have installed the mate-desktop interface.

This is why we add the line echo mate-session …. If you have installed another alternate desktop like xfceyou have to insert the correct command in the startwm. Voila Voila! We have successfully automated the creation of the.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

It only takes a minute to sign up. What is the purpose of the. What should be put in there? The desktop environments don't use that file and for the X startup from the tty there is. If you log in in text mode then start a GUI session with xinit or with the wrapper script startxthen xinit does the following things:. Nowadays, most X display managers give you a choice of a session. Choosing a particular session launched a specific desktop environment, session manager, window manager.

X session startup can be complicated these days. I strongly recommend you to take a look in the book X Window system administrator's guide : for X version Chapter 2 explains the purpose of. Also it's a nice refresher for the whole x-window related terminology and i hope you don't get spooked :. You can get the book from. Although it's rather outdated you can find a lot of information of the underlying concepts that didn't change until today and it is very legible.

Moreover it is really funny to take a look at what was top notch at those days. Nowadays with sessionmanagers like kdm it is not that much of a use anymore, but on a traditionaly set up system. This is what is run after starting X11 with startx. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.

Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Ask Question. Asked 7 years, 7 months ago. Active 1 year, 2 months ago. Viewed 82k times. Gilles 'SO- stop being evil' k gold badges silver badges bronze badges.

xsession profile

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